1958

Eisenhower signed the National Aeronautics and Space Act, establishing NASA (absorbing the 43-year-old NACA intact) T. Keith Glennan became acting administrator (Eisenhower) Hugh L. Dryden became deputy administrator NASA continued NACA’s X-Plane program Project Mercury (human spaceflight program) Explorers program begins (space exploration) Pioneer program begins (lunar & planetary exploration)

1959

North American X-15 program (rocket-powered hypersonic research aircraft)

1960

Project Echo begins (passive communications satellite)

1961

Hugh L. Dryden became acting administrator (JFK) James E. Webb became acting administrator (JFK, Truman & Johnson) Project Gemini (growing Mercury spacecrafts capabilities) Apollo program begins (moon landing) Ranger program begins (unmanned missions to get moon surface photos)

1962

Telstar program begins (communications satellites) Mariner program begins (robotic interplanetary probes)

1963

Project Mercury ends Telstar program ends

1964

Project Echo ends Theodore Freeman was killed in the crash of a T-38 @ Ellington AFB (on Halloween) NASA flew SR-71, or Blackbird (spy aircraft) for the 1st time

1965

Robert C. Seamans Jr became deputy administrator Skylab program begins Ranger program ends

1966

Project Gemini ends Lunar Orbiter program begins (looking for Apollo landing sites) Surveyor program begins (robots on moon looking for Apollo landing sites) Charles Bassett & Elliot See (prime crew for Gemini 9) killed in the crash of a T-38 in St. Louis

1967

Lunar Orbiter program ends Astronauts Roger Chaffee, Virgil Grissom & Edward White were killed @ Cape Kennedy during a training exercise for Apollo 1 mission. Edward Givens was killed in an automobile accident near Houston, TX Clifton Williams was killed in the crash of a T-38 near Tallahassee, FL. Michael J. Adams was killed after the vehicle departed from controlled flight & experienced an inflight breakup Robert H. Lawrence, Jr. killed in the crash of F-104 Starfighter at Edwards AFB, CA

1968

Thomas O. Paine became deputy administrator North American X-15 project ends Surveyor program ends

1969

Thomas O. Paine became acting administrator (Johnson & Nixon) Neil Armstrong & Buzz Aldrin walked on the moon (Apollo 11 mission) George M. Low became deputy administrator

1970

George M Low became acting administrator (Nixon)

1971

James C. Fletcher became acting administrator (Nixon & Carter)

1972

Apollo program ends Apollo–Soyuz Test Project begins Space Shuttle program begins

1973

Mariner program ends

1974

Helios probe program begins (probes launched into heliocentric orbit to study solar processes)

1975

Apollo–Soyuz Test Project ends Viking program (probes sent to mars)

1976

Alan M. Lovelace became deputy administrator Helios probe program ends

1977

Alan M. Lovelace became acting administrator (Carter) Robert A. Frosch became acting administrator (Carter) Voyager program begins (probes to study planetary system) NASA launched High Energy Astronomy Observatory 1 (x-ray telescope)

1978

Pioneer program ends

1979

Skylab project ends

1980

Solar Maximum (SolarMax) Mission (satellite designed to investigate solar phenomena)

1981

Alan M. Lovelace became acting administrator (Reagen) James M. Beggs became acting administrator (Reagan) Hans Mark became deputy administrator

1983

Infrared Astronomical Satellite (IRAS) program began (infrared telescope)

1985

William R. Graham became acting administrator (Reagan)

1986

James C. Fletcher became acting administrator (Reagan & Bush) William R. Graham became deputy administrator Dale D. Myers became deputy administrator Space Shuttle Challenger blew killing Gregory Jarvis, Christa McAuliffe, Ronald McNair, Ellison Onizuka, Judith Resnik, Francis Scobee & Michael Smith with the world watching Stephen Thorne was killed when the Pitts Special aircraft in which he was riding crashed in Santa Fe, TX

1989

Dale D. Myers became acting administrator (Bush) Richard H. Truly became acting administrator (Bush) James R. Thompson Jr. became deputy administrator Magellan probe program (Venus radar mapper) S. David Griggs was killed in a vintage WWII aircraft while practicing for an air show in Earle, AR.

1991

Sonny Carter was killed in an airliner crash involving an Atlantic Southeast Airlines Brasilia aircraft.

1992

Daniel S. Goldin became acting administrator (Bush & Clinton) Aaron Cohen became acting deputy administrator John R. Dailey became acting deputy administrator

1993

International Space Station program began

2001

Daniel R. Mulville became acting administrator (Bush) Sean O’Keefe became acting administrator (Bush) Patricia Robertson and her flight instructor were killed as a result of injuries sustained in a plane crash.

2002

Frederick D. Gregory became deputy administrator

2003

Space Shuttle Columbia broke up over Texas killing Michael Anderson, David Brown, Kalpana Chawla, Laurel Clark, Rick Husband, William McCool & Ilan Ramon.

2005

Frederick D. Gregory became acting administrator (Bush) Michael D. Griffin became acting administrator (Bush) Shana Dale became deputy administrator Constellation program begins

2006

Commercial Resupply Services program begins Commercial Crew Development program begins

2009

Christopher Scolese became acting administrator (Obama) Charles Bolden became acting administrator (Obama) Lori Garver became deputy administrator Constellation program ends

2010

Journey to Mars program begins

2011

Space Shuttle program ends

2014

Michael Alsbury, a civilian test pilot for the Scaled Composites company, was killed during a flight test of the SpaceShipTwo near Mojave, CA.

2015

Dava Newman became deputy administrator

2017

Robert Lightfoot Jr became acting administrator (Trump) Lesa Roe became acting deputy administrator Journey to Mars program ends Artemis program begins (crewed spaceflight) NASA Authorization Act of 2017 – directed NASA to get humans near or on the surface of Mars by the early 2030s

2018

Jim Bridenstine became acting administrator (Trump) James Morhard became deputy administrator