Giant List of Programming Languages

August 27th, 2019

This list is almost like a history lesson, some of the languages below are over half a century old. It is by no means exhaustive, but there are just so many of them. A large chunk of these languages are no longer active or supported. We added links to the official site where possible, otherwise linked to a knowledgable source or manual. If there is a better link for any of them, please let us know.

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  1. 51-FORTH
    https://codelani.com/languages/51forth
  2. 1C:Enterprise Script
    https://1c-dn.com/1c_enterprise/1c_enterprise_script
  3. 4DOS
    https://www.4dos.info
  4. A+
    http://www.aplusdev.org
  5. A++
    https://www.aplusplus.net
  6. A♯ (Axiom)
    http://axiom-developer.org
  7. A-0 System
    No live site
  8. ABCL/c+
    No live site
  9. ABAP
    https://www.sap.com/community/topics/abap
  10. ABC
    https://homepages.cwi.nl/~steven/abc
  11. ABC ALGOL
    No live site
  12. ABSET
    http://hopl.info/showlanguage.prx?exp=356
  13. Absys
    No live site
  14. ACC
    No live site
  15. Accent
    No live site
  16. Accent R
    http://nissoftware.net/accentr_home
  17. ACL2
    http://www.cs.utexas.edu/users/moore/acl2
  18. ActionScript
    https://www.adobe.com/devnet/actionscript
  19. ActiveVFP
    https://archive.codeplex.com/?p=activevfp
  20. Actor
    No live site
  21. Ada
    https://www.adaic.org
  22. Adenine
    http://www.ifcx.org/attach/Adenine
  23. ADMB
    http://www.admb-project.org
  24. Adobe ColdFusion
    https://www.adobe.com/products/coldfusion-family
  25. Adobe Graphics Assembly Language
    https://www.adobe.com/devnet/flashplayer/articles/what-is-agal
  26. Advanced Boolean Expression Language
    http://wakerly.org/DDPP/DDPP3_mkt/c04samp2
  27. Agda
    https://wiki.portal.chalmers.se/agda
  28. AgentCubes
    https://agentcubesonline.com
  29. AgentSheets
    https://www.agentsheets.com
  30. Agora
    http://soft.vub.ac.be/research/agora
  31. AIMMS
    http://www.aimms.com
  32. Aldor
    http://www.aldor.org
  33. Alef
    http://doc.cat-v.org/plan_9/2nd_edition/papers/alef
  34. ALF
    https://www.informatik.uni-kiel.de/~mh/systems/ALF
  35. ALGOL
    http://groups.engin.umd.umich.edu/CIS/course.des/cis400/algol/algol
  36. ALGOL 58
    http://www.softwarepreservation.org/projects/ALGOL/algol58impl
  37. ALGOL 60
    http://www.algol60.org
  38. ALGOL 68
    http://www.algol68.org
  39. AlgolW
    http://www.algol60.org/15algolwlego
  40. Alice
    http://www.ps.uni-saarland.de/alice
  41. Allegro Common Lisp
    https://franz.com/products/allegro-common-lisp
  42. Alma-0
    https://www.cwi.nl
  43. ALPACA
    https://git.catseye.tc/ALPACA
  44. ALPHA
    http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu
  45. Alphard
    http://hopl.info/showlanguage.prx?exp=634
  46. Altera Hardware Description Language
    http://www.cs.kent.edu/~walker/classes/vlsi.s06/lectures/L10-11
  47. AmbientTalk
    http://soft.vub.ac.be/amop/
  48. AMBIT
    No live site
  49. Amiga E
    http://strlen.com/amiga-e
  50. AMOS
    https://ultimateamiga.co.uk/index.php/page,16
  51. AMPL
    https://ampl.com
  52. AMSRefs
    http://www.bakoma-tex.com/doc/latex/amsrefs
  53. ANA
    http://ana.lmsal.com
  54. Analytica
    https://analytica.com
  55. AngelScript
    http://angelcode.com/angelscript
  56. Ant
    https://ant.apache.org
  57. ANTLR
    https://www.antlr.org
  58. Apex
    https://developer.salesforce.com/docs/atlas.en-us.apexcode.meta/apexcode
  59. APL
    https://tryapl.org
  60. APLX
    http://www.dyalog.com/aplx
  61. App Inventor
    https://appinventor.mit.edu
  62. Apple Befunge
    https://git.catseye.tc/Apple-Befunge
  63. AppleScript
    https://www.macosxautomation.com/applescript
  64. AppWare
    https://support.novell.com/techcenter/articles/dnd19940502
  65. APT
    http://aptos.sourceforge.net
  66. ARB Assembly Language
    https://enacademic.com/dic.nsf/enwiki/6832786
  67. Arboretuum
    https://git.catseye.tc/Arboretuum
  68. Arc
    http://arclanguage.org
  69. ARexx
    http://members.cox.net/midian/tutorials/arexx1
  70. Argus
    http://pmg.csail.mit.edu/~dcurtis/argus/argus-manual
  71. ARM
    http://www.peter-cockerell.net/aalp/html/frames
  72. ASCEND
    http://ascend4.org
  73. Ateji PX
    http://www.ateji.com/px/1.0/manual/pdf/AtejiPX-manual
  74. Atom
    http://hackage.haskell.org/package/atom
  75. ATS
    http://www.ats-lang.org
  76. AutoHotkey
    https://www.autohotkey.com/docs/Language
  77. AutoIt
    https://www.autoitscript.com/site/autoit
  78. AutoLISP
    http://docs.autodesk.com/ACDMAC/2013/ENU/PDFs/acdmac_2013_autolisp_developers_guide
  79. Averest
    http://www.averest.org
  80. AWK
    http://www.grymoire.com/Unix/Awk
  81. Axum
    https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/previous-versions/dd795202(v=msdn.10)
  82. B
    https://www.bell-labs.com/usr/dmr/www/kbman
  83. B-Prolog
    http://www.picat-lang.org/bprolog
  84. Babbage
    https://ipfs.io/ipfs/QmXoypizjW3WknFiJnKLwHCnL72vedxjQkDDP1mXWo6uco/wiki/Babbage
  85. Babelsberg
    https://www.ebooksdownloads.xyz/search/babelsberg
  86. Ballerina
    https://ballerina.io
  87. Bash
    https://www.gnu.org/software/bash
  88. Bashforth
    http://forthfreak.net/index.cgi?BashForth
  89. BASIC
    BASIC_Oct64
  90. Basic-256
    http://basic256.org
  91. BBN LISP
    http://hopl.info/showlanguage.prx?exp=3347
  92. Bc
    https://www.gnu.org/software/bc
  93. BCPL
    https://www.cl.cam.ac.uk/~mr10/BCPL
  94. BeanShell
    http://www.beanshell.org
  95. Bear Food
    No live site
  96. Beatnik
    http://cliffle.com/esoterica/beatnik
  97. Befunge
    https://esolangs.org/wiki/Befunge
  98. Befunge-93
    https://git.catseye.tc/Befunge-93
  99. Befunge-97
    No live site
  100. Befunge-98
    No live site
  101. Bertrand
    https://github.com/bertrand-constraint/bertrand
  102. BETA
    https://beta.cs.au.dk
  103. Beta-Juliet
    https://esolangs.org/wiki/Beta-Juliet
  104. Bidule
    https://www.plogue.com/products/bidule
  105. Bird–Meertens Formalism
    https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/60f6/1a50a2802feaa6acd302e41525c320a93bc1
  106. BLISS
    https://www2.cs.arizona.edu/classes/cs520/spring06/bliss
  107. Blockly
    https://developers.google.com/blockly
  108. Bluespec
    http://wiki.bluespec.com
  109. BlooP
    http://cgibin.erols.com/ziring/cgi-bin/cep/cep.pl?_key=BLooP
  110. BMDFM
    http://bmdfm.com
  111. BNR Prolog
    http://hopl.info/showlanguage.prx?exp=1866&language=BNR%20Prolog
  112. Boo
    http://boo-lang.org
  113. Boomerang
    https://www.seas.upenn.edu/~harmony
  114. BPML
    https://www.ibm.com/support/knowledgecenter/en/SS3JSW_5.2.0/com.ibm.help.bpml.doc/SI_SterlingB2BIntegratorAndBPML
  115. Brainfuck
    http://www.aminet.net/package.php?package=dev%2Flang%2Fbrainfuck-2.lha
  116. Bubble
    https://bubble.is
  117. BulletML
    No live site
  118. Burro
    https://git.catseye.tc/Burro
  119. C
    http://www.open-std.org
  120. C Shell
    http://bxr.su/NetBSD/bin/csh
  121. C++
    https://isocpp.org
  122. C- –
    https://www.cs.tufts.edu/~nr/c–
  123. C#
    https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/dotnet/csharp

  124. https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/research/project/comega
  125. C*
    http://people.csail.mit.edu/bradley/cm5docs/CStarProgrammingGuide
  126. C/AL (C/SIDE)
    https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/dynamics-nav/programming-in-c-al
  127. Cabra
    https://git.catseye.tc/Cabra
  128. Caché
    https://www.intersystems.com/products/cache
  129. Caml
    http://caml.inria.fr
  130. Cayenne
    http://www.kframework.org/images/5/5e/Cayenne
  131. CDuce
    https://www.cduce.org
  132. Cecil
    http://projectsweb.cs.washington.edu/research/projects/cecil/www/Internal/doc-cecil-lang/cecil-spec
  133. Cerner CCL
    http://infocenter.sybase.com/help/topic/com.sybase.infocenter.dc01612.0500/doc/pdf/ccl_programmers
  134. Cesil
    http://www.obelisk.me.uk/cesil
  135. Céu
    http://www.ceu-lang.org
  136. Ceylon
    https://ceylon-lang.org
  137. CFEngine
    https://cfengine.com/learn/what-is-cfengine
  138. Cg
    https://developer.nvidia.com/cg-toolkit
  139. CGOL
    http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs/project/ai-repository/ai/lang/lisp/code/syntax/cgol
  140. Ch
    https://www.softintegration.com
  141. Chapel
    https://chapel-lang.org
  142. Charity
    http://pll.cpsc.ucalgary.ca/charity
  143. Charm
    http://riscos-charm.yolasite.com
  144. Chef
    http://www.dangermouse.net/esoteric/chef
  145. CHILL
    http://psc.informatik.uni-jena.de/languages/chill
  146. CHIP
    http://hopl.murdoch.edu.au/showlanguage.prx?exp=1131&language=CHIP
  147. CHIP V5
    http://www.chip-v5.com
  148. CHIP-8
    https://storage.googleapis.com/wzukusers/user-34724694/documents/5c83d6a5aec8eZ0cT194/CHIP-8
  149. Chomski
    No live site
  150. ChucK
    http://chuck.cs.princeton.edu
  151. Ciao
    https://ciao-lang.org
  152. Cilk
    http://cilk.mit.edu/programming
  153. CiMPLE
    No live site
  154. Citrine
    https://citrine-lang.org
  155. CL
    https://www.ibm.com/support/knowledgecenter/en/ssw_ibm_i_71/rbam6/clpro
  156. CLACL
    No live site
  157. Claire
    http://www.claire-language.com
  158. Clarion
    http://www.softvelocity.com
  159. Clean
    https://clean.cs.ru.nl/Clean
  160. CLEO
    http://hopl.info/showlanguage.prx?exp=318&language=CLEO
  161. CLIPPER
    https://www.thocp.net/software/languages/clipper
  162. CLIPS
    http://www.clipsrules.net
  163. CLIST
    https://www.ibm.com/support/knowledgecenter/en/SSLTBW_2.1.0/com.ibm.zos.v2r1.ikjb300/clist
  164. Clojure
    https://clojure.org
  165. CLP(R)
    http://people.sju.edu/~jhodgson/clp
  166. CLU
    http://www.pmg.lcs.mit.edu/CLU
  167. CMS Pipelines
    http://vm.marist.edu/~pipeline
  168. CMS-2
    http://cgibin.erols.com/ziring/cgi-bin/cep/cep.pl?_key=CMS-2
  169. Co-array Fortran
    http://caf.rice.edu
  170. COBOL
    https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Software_Engineers_Handbook/Language_Dictionary/COBOL
  171. CobolScript
    https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/882363
  172. Cobra
    http://cobra-language.com
  173. Coco/R
    http://ssw.jku.at/Coco
  174. CoffeeScript
    https://coffeescript.org
  175. ColorForth
    https://colorforth.github.io
  176. COMAL
    http://www.josvisser.nl/opencomal
  177. Combined Programming Language
    http://www.ancientgeek.org.uk/CPL/CPL_Elementary_Programming_Manual
  178. COMIT
    http://www.mt-archive.info/MT-1958-Yngve
  179. Common Intermediate Language
    https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/dotnet/standard/managed-code
  180. Common Lisp
    https://common-lisp.net
  181. Common Workflow Language
    https://www.commonwl.org
  182. Compass
    http://compass-style.org
  183. Component Pascal
    http://www.oberon.ch/blackbox
  184. COMTRAN
    http://bitsavers.org/pdf/ibm/7090/F28-8043_CommercialTranslatorGenInfMan_Ju60
  185. Concurrent Haskell
    https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/research/wp-content/uploads/1996/01/concurrent-haskell
  186. Concurrent ML
    http://cml.cs.uchicago.edu
  187. Concurrent Pascal
    http://brinch-hansen.net/papers/1975a
  188. Constraint Handling Rules
    http://www.informatik.uni-ulm.de/pm/fileadmin/pm/home/fruehwirth/constraint-handling-rules
  189. Cool
    http://theory.stanford.edu/~aiken/software/cool/cool
  190. Coq
    https://coq.inria.fr
  191. Coral 66
    http://www.computinghistory.org.uk/downloads/32364
  192. Cornell University Programming Language
    https://ecommons.cornell.edu/handle/1813/5881
  193. CorVision
    http://www.cv2vb.com/CorVisionHistory
  194. COW
    https://bigzaphod.github.io/COW
  195. COWSEL
    No live site
  196. Croc
    https://github.com/JarrettBillingsley/Croc
  197. Cryptol
    https://cryptol.net
  198. Crystal
    https://crystal-lang.org
  199. Csound
    https://csound.com
  200. CSP
    http://www.usingcsp.com
  201. Cuneiform
    https://www.cuneiform-lang.org
  202. Curl
    http://www.curl.com
  203. Curry
    https://www-ps.informatik.uni-kiel.de/currywiki
  204. CWIC
    http://hopl.info/showlanguage.prx?exp=1940
  205. CyberQuery
    https://www.cyberscience.com
  206. Cybil
    http://bitsavers.trailing-edge.com/pdf/cdc/Tom_Hunter_Scans/L461810
  207. CycL
    https://www.cyc.com/documentation/ontologists-handbook/cyc-basics
  208. Cyclone
    http://cyclone.thelanguage.org
  209. Cython
    https://cython.org
  210. D
    https://dlang.org
  211. Dart
    https://dart.dev
  212. Darwin
    https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/49cc/5a4f362b915ef0a98d642797e471fdd58181
  213. DASL
    http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu
  214. DATABUS
    https://www.dbcsoftware.com/dbcov
  215. DataFlex
    https://www.dataaccess.com
  216. Datalog
    http://www.ccs.neu.edu/home/ramsdell/tools/datalog/datalog
  217. DATATRIEVE
    http://h30266.www3.hpe.com/odl/axplp/databases/dtr073/AA_K080G_TE
  218. Datomic
    https://www.datomic.com
  219. DAX
    https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/previous-versions/sql/sql-server-2012/gg399181(v=sql.110)
  220. dBase
    http://www.dbase.com
  221. Dc
    https://linux.die.net/man/1/dc
  222. Delphi
    http://www.delphibasics.info
  223. Dependent ML
    http://www.cs.bu.edu/~hwxi/DML
  224. DIBOL
    http://www.dibol.com
  225. DinkC
    https://dink.fandom.com/wiki/DinkC
  226. DIPs
    https://github.com/dlang/DIPs
  227. DITA
    http://docs.oasis-open.org/dita/v1.2/os/spec/DITA1.2-spec
  228. DLV
    http://www.dlvsystem.com
  229. DLX
    https://www.csee.umbc.edu/courses/undergraduate/411/spring96/dlx
  230. DM
    http://www.byond.com/docs/guide
  231. Dog
    https://esolangs.org/wiki/DOG
  232. DOS Batch Language
    https://www.dostips.com
  233. Draco
    http://www.graysage.com/cg/Compilers/index
  234. DRAKON
    http://drakon-editor.sourceforge.net
  235. Dylan
    https://opendylan.org
  236. DYNAMO
    http://hopl.murdoch.edu.au/showlanguage.prx?exp=61&language=DYNAMO
  237. E
    http://erights.org
  238. Ease
    no live site
  239. Easytrieve
    https://docops.ca.com/ca-easytrieve/11-6/en/getting-started
  240. eC
    http://ec-lang.org
  241. ECL
    https://hpccsystems.com
  242. ECMAScript
    http://www.ecma-international.org
  243. Edinburgh IMP
    http://history.dcs.ed.ac.uk/archive/scans/ercc_imp_manual/imp001
  244. EEL
    http://www.eelang.org
  245. EGL
    https://www.ibm.com/developerworks/rational/library/04/r-3190/egl_overview2
  246. EICASLAB
    https://www.eicaslab.com
  247. Eiffel
    https://www.eiffel.org
  248. ELAN
    http://www.cs.ru.nl/elan
  249. ELI
    http://fastarray.appspot.com
  250. Elixir
    https://elixir-lang.org
  251. ELLA
    https://cs.nyu.edu/courses/spring02/G22.3130-001/ella
  252. Elm
    https://elm-lang.org
  253. Emacs Lisp
    https://www.gnu.org/software/emacs
  254. Embedded SQL
    https://www.ibm.com/support/knowledgecenter/en/SSEPGG_11.1.0/com.ibm.db2.luw.apdv.embed.doc/doc/c0007014
  255. Emerald
    http://www.emeraldprogramminglanguage.org
  256. Emmental
    https://git.catseye.tc/Emmental
  257. Epigram
    http://www.e-pig.org
  258. EPL
    https://www.servopack.de/support/zebra/EPL2_Manual
  259. Erlang
    https://www.erlang.org
  260. Es
    http://hawkwind.cs.toronto.edu:8001/mlists/es
  261. Escher
    http://users.cecs.anu.edu.au/~kee/Escher
  262. ESPOL
    http://bitsavers.org/pdf/burroughs/B5000_5500_5700/1032638_B5500_ESPOL_RefManOct67
  263. Esterel
    http://www-sop.inria.fr/meije/esterel/esterel-eng
  264. Etoys
    http://www.squeakland.org
  265. Euclid
    https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/research/publication/report-programming-language-euclid
  266. Euler
    https://github.com/pkimpel/retro-b5500/tree/master/source/EULER
  267. EuLisp
    http://people.bath.ac.uk/masjap/EuLisp
  268. Euphoria
    http://www.rapideuphoria.com
  269. EusLisp Robot Programming Language
    https://euslisp-tutorial.readthedocs.io/en/latest
  270. EXEC
    https://golang.org/pkg/os/exec
  271. EXEC 2
    No live site
  272. Executable UML
    https://executableuml.org
  273. EXSLT
    https://www.xml.com/pub/a/2005/01/05/tr-xml
  274. Extended ML
    http://homepages.inf.ed.ac.uk/dts/eml
  275. Extensible Application Markup Language (XAML)
    https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/xamarin/xamarin-forms/xaml
  276. Ezhil
    https://arxiv.org/pdf/0907.4960
  277. F
    https://www.fortran.com/F/index
  278. F#
    https://fsharp.org
  279. F*
    https://www.fstar-lang.org
  280. F-Logic
    http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.48.7149&rep=rep1&type=pdf
  281. F-Script
    https://github.com/pmougin/F-Script
  282. Fabrik
    http://sp.cmc.msu.ru/courses/smalltalk/fabrik/Fabrik
  283. Factor
    http://factorcode.org
  284. Fantom
    http://fantom-lang.org
  285. FAUST
    https://faust.grame.fr
  286. FFP
    http://www.cs.unc.edu/techreports/87-014
  287. Filetab
    http://www.ncc.co.uk/software/downloads/FILETABDevelopersGuide2001
  288. Fjölnir
    https://codelani.com/languages/fjolnir.html
  289. FISH
    https://github.com/tarunkolla/FISH-Language
  290. FL
    http://theory.stanford.edu/~aiken/publications/trs/RJ7100
  291. Flagship Compiler
    http://www.fship.com/fsintr1
  292. Flavors
    http://www.softwarepreservation.org
  293. Flex
    http://flex.apache.org
  294. FLooP
    http://cgibin.erols.com/ziring/cgi-bin/cep/cep.pl?_key=FLooP
  295. Flora-2
    http://flora.sourceforge.net
  296. FLOW-MATIC
    http://s3data.computerhistory.org/brochures/univac.flowmatic.1957.102646140
  297. Flowgorithm
    http://www.flowgorithm.org
  298. FOCAL
    http://homepage.divms.uiowa.edu/~jones/pdp8/focal
  299. FOCUS
    http://ecl.informationbuilders.com/focus/index
  300. FOIL
    No live site
  301. FORMAC
    http://hopl.murdoch.edu.au/showlanguage.prx?exp=158&language=FORMAC
  302. Forte 4GL
    https://docs.oracle.com/cd/E19957-01/806-6674-01/806-6674-01
  303. Forth
    https://www.forth.com/forth
  304. Fourth-Generation Programming Language
    No live site
  305. Fortran
    https://www.ibm.com/ibm/history/ibm100/us/en/icons/fortran
  306. Fortress
    https://github.com/stokito/fortress-lang
  307. FP
    http://www.math.bas.bg/bantchev/place/fp
  308. FRACTRAN
    https://esolangs.org/wiki/Fractran
  309. Franz Lisp
    http://www.softwarepreservation.org/projects/LISP/maclisp_family/#Franz_Lisp
  310. Free Pascal
    https://www.freepascal.org
  311. FreeMat
    http://freemat.sourceforge.net
  312. Frenetic
    http://frenetic-lang.org
  313. Fril
    https://sorrell.github.io/files/Fril
  314. Funge-98
    https://git.catseye.tc/Funge-98
  315. FuzzyCLIPS
    http://alumni.cs.ucr.edu/~vladimir/cs171/quickfuzzy
  316. FXML
    https://docs.oracle.com/javafx/2/api/javafx/fxml
  317. FxPlug
    https://developer.apple.com/documentation/fxplug
  318. G-code
    http://carlsonmfg.com/cnc-g-code-m-code-programming
  319. Gambas
    http://gambas.sourceforge.net
  320. Gambit Scheme
    http://gambitscheme.org
  321. Game Definition Language
    http://games.stanford.edu/games/gdl
  322. Game Description Language
    http://logic.stanford.edu/classes/cs227/2013/readings/gdl
  323. GameMaker
    https://docs.yoyogames.com/source/dadiospice/002_reference/001_gml%20language%20overview
  324. GameMonkey Script
    http://gmscript.com
  325. GAMS
    https://www.gams.com
  326. GAP
    https://www.gap-system.org
  327. GAUSS
    https://www.aptech.com
  328. GDL
    https://github.com/gnudatalanguage/gdl
  329. GDScript
    https://docs.godotengine.org/en/3.1/getting_started/step_by_step/scripting
  330. GeneXus
    https://www.genexus.com
  331. Genie
    https://wiki.gnome.org/Projects/Genie
  332. GEORGE
    https://www.george.andante.no
  333. Gforth
    https://www.gnu.org/software/gforth
  334. GLSL
    https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/GLSL_Programming/Introduction
  335. GNU Bison
    https://www.gnu.org/software/bison
  336. GNU Flex
    https://github.com/westes/flex
  337. GNU Octave
    https://www.gnu.org/software/octave
  338. GNU Prolog
    http://gprolog.org
  339. Go
    https://golang.org
  340. GOAL Agent Programming Language
    https://goalapl.atlassian.net/wiki/spaces/GOAL
  341. Gödel
    http://www.scs.leeds.ac.uk/hill/GOEDEL/expgoedel
  342. Godot Shading Language
    https://docs.godotengine.org/en/3.0/tutorials/shading/shading_language
  343. Gofer
    http://web.cecs.pdx.edu/~mpj/goferarc
  344. Golo
    https://golo-lang.org
  345. Google Apps Script
    https://www.google.com/script
  346. Gosu
    https://gosu-lang.github.io
  347. GOTRAN
    http://hopl.info/showlanguage.prx?exp=3074
  348. GPSS
    https://informs-sim.org/wsc86papers/1986_0011
  349. Grammatical Framework
    http://www.grammaticalframework.org
  350. GraNoLa/M
    https://git.catseye.tc/GraNoLa-M
  351. GRASS
    http://www.blue.sky.or.jp/grass
  352. Grasshopper
    https://www.grasshopper3d.com
  353. Gremlin
    https://tinkerpop.apache.org/gremlin
  354. Groovy
    http://www.groovy-lang.org
  355. GtkBuilder
    https://developer.gnome.org/gtk3/stable/GtkBuilder
  356. Guile
    https://www.gnu.org/software/guile
  357. Hack
    https://hacklang.org
  358. HAGGIS
    http://www.bannermanhigh.glasgow.sch.uk/Websites/SchSecBannerman/UserFiles/file/Departments/Computing/Haggis
  359. HAL/S
    https://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19790006637
  360. Halide
    https://halide-lang.org
  361. Hamilton C Shell
    https://www.hamiltonlabs.com/Cshell
  362. Handel-C
    https://www.mentor.com/products/fpga/handel-c
  363. Harbour
    https://harbour.github.io
  364. Hartmann Pipelines
    http://vm.marist.edu/~pipeline
  365. Haskell
    https://www.haskell.org
  366. Haxe
    https://haxe.org
  367. Hermes
    http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu
  368. Hev
    https://git.catseye.tc/Hev
  369. HiAsm
    http://www.hiasm.com
  370. High Level Assembly
    http://plantation-productions.com/Webster
  371. HiLog
    https://www.researchgate.net/publication/222491414_HILOG
  372. HLSL
    https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/win32/direct3dhlsl/dx-graphics-hlsl-pguide
  373. HolyC
    https://templeos.org
  374. Hop
    http://hop.inria.fr/home/index
  375. Hope
    http://www.hopemachine.co.uk
  376. Hopscotch
    https://www.gethopscotch.com
  377. Hot Soup Processor
    http://hsp.tv
  378. Hume
    http://www.macs.hw.ac.uk/~greg/hume
  379. Humus
    http://www.dalnefre.com/wp/humus
  380. HUNTER
    https://git.catseye.tc/HUNTER
  381. Hy
    http://docs.hylang.org
  382. HyperNext
    http://www.tigabyte.com/hnfiles/about
  383. HyperTalk
    http://www.memoryhole.net/~kyle/newwebsite/Curriculum_Vitae_files/hypertalk
  384. IBM Basic Assembly Language
    http://bitsavers.informatik.uni-stuttgart.de/pdf/ibm/360/asm/SC20-1646-6_int360asm_Aug70
  385. IBM HAScript
    https://www.ibm.com/support/knowledgecenter/en/SSS9FA_13.0.0/com.ibm.hod.doc/doc/macro/macro
  386. IBM Informix-4GL
    https://www.ibm.com/support/knowledgecenter/fr/SSGU8G_11.70.0/com.ibm.quicks_4gl.doc/4gl_qsg_en
  387. ICI
    http://atrn.org/ici
  388. Icon
    https://www2.cs.arizona.edu/icon
  389. Id
    http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=10.1.1.18.4920
  390. IDL
    https://www.harrisgeospatial.com/Software-Technology/IDL
  391. Idris
    https://www.idris-lang.org
  392. Illberon
    No live site
  393. ILLGOL
    https://git.catseye.tc/Illgol-Grand-Mal
  394. Illgola-2
    No live site
  395. Illumination Software Creator
    http://lunduke.com/?page_id=3454
  396. ILNumerics
    https://ilnumerics.net
  397. Impulse C
    No live site
  398. Inform 6
    https://www.inform-fiction.org
  399. Inform 7
    http://inform7.com
  400. INTERCAL
    http://www.catb.org/~esr/intercal
  401. Interlisp
    http://www.softwarepreservation.org/projects/LISP/interlisp
  402. Io
    https://iolanguage.org
  403. Iota and Jot
    http://semarch.linguistics.fas.nyu.edu/barker/Iota
  404. Iphigeneia
    https://git.catseye.tc/Iphigeneia
  405. IPL-v
    https://www.rand.org/content/dam/rand/pubs/papers/2008/P1929
  406. ISLISP
    http://islisp.info
  407. ISWIM
    http://hopl.info/showlanguage.prx?exp=261
  408. J
    https://www.jsoftware.com
  409. J#
    https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/vstudio/bb188593
  410. J++
    http://msdn.microsoft.com/vjsharp/productinfo/visualj
  411. JADE
    https://www.jadeworld.com
  412. JAL
    http://justanotherlanguage.org
  413. Janus
    http://tetsuo.jp/ref/janus
  414. JASS
    http://jass.sourceforge.net
  415. Java
    https://www.oracle.com/java
  416. JavaCC
    https://javacc.org
  417. JavaFX Script
    https://www.oracle.com/technetwork/java/getting-started-with-javafx
  418. JavaScript
    https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/JavaScript
  419. JEAN
    No live site
  420. Jess
    https://jessrules.com
  421. JCL
    https://www.ibm.com/support/knowledgecenter/zosbasics/com.ibm.zos.zjcl/zjclc_basicjclconcepts
  422. JHDL
    http://www.jhdl.org
  423. Join Java
    No live site
  424. JOSS
    https://www.rand.org/content/dam/rand/pubs/research_memoranda/2006/RM5058
  425. Joule
    http://www.erights.org/history/joule
  426. Jovial
    http://cs.ecs.baylor.edu/~maurer/SieveE/jovial
  427. Joy
    https://www.latrobe.edu.au/humanities/research/research-projects/past-projects/joy-programming-language
  428. JS++
    https://www.onux.com/jspp
  429. JScript
    https://docs.microsoft.com
  430. JScript .NET
    https://docs.microsoft.com
  431. JSFuck
    http://www.jsfuck.com
  432. JSONiq
    http://jsoniq.org
  433. Julia
    https://julialang.org
  434. Jupiter Ace
    http://k1.spdns.de/Vintage/Sinclair/80/Jupiter
  435. Jython
    https://www.jython.org
  436. K
    https://kx.com
  437. Kaleidoscope
    https://github.com/bencochran/Kaleidoscope
  438. Kangaroo
    https://esolangs.org/wiki/Kangaroo
  439. Karel
    https://code.google.com/archive/p/rbstuff/wikis/rbKarelOverview.wiki
  440. Kent Recursive Calculator
    http://krc-lang.org
  441. KIF
    http://logic.stanford.edu/kif/dpans
  442. Kixtart
    http://www.kixtart.org
  443. KL0
    http://foldoc.org/KL0
  444. KL1
    http://hopl.info/showlanguage.prx?exp=1562
  445. Klerer-May System
    http://hopl.info/showlanguage.prx?exp=290
  446. KnowledgeMan
    No live site
  447. Kodu
    https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/research/project/kodu
  448. Kojo
    http://www.kogics.net/kojo
  449. Korn Shell (ksh)
    http://www.bolthole.com/solaris/ksh
  450. Kotlin
    https://kotlinlang.org
  451. KRL/KUKA
    http://i.stanford.edu/pub/cstr/reports/cs/tr/76/581/CS-TR-76-581
  452. KRYPTON
    No live site
  453. KTurtle
    https://edu.kde.org/kturtle
  454. Kv
    https://kivy.org/doc/stable/guide/lang
  455. Kyma
    https://kyma.symbolicsound.com
  456. L33t
    http://electrod.ifreepages.com/l33tspec
  457. LabVIEW
    https://www.ni.com/es-es/shop/labview
  458. Ladder Logic
    https://www.plcacademy.com/ladder-logic-tutorial
  459. Larabee
    https://git.catseye.tc/Larabee
  460. Lasso
    http://www.lassosoft.com
  461. LaTeX
    https://www.latex-project.org
  462. Lava
    http://lavape.sourceforge.net
  463. Lazy ML
    https://ipfs.io/ipfs/QmXoypizjW3WknFiJnKLwHCnL72vedxjQkDDP1mXWo6uco/wiki/Lazy_ML
  464. Legoscript
    https://csprojecthelp.xyz/legoscript-programming
  465. Lexico
    No live site
  466. LFE
    http://lfe.io
  467. LIL
    http://www.ultimate.com/phil/lil
  468. LilyPond
    http://lilypond.org
  469. Limbo
    http://www.vitanuova.com/inferno/limbo
  470. Limnor
    http://www.limnor.com/VPL
  471. LINC 4GL
    No live site
  472. Lingo
    https://www.lindo.com/index.php/products/lingo-and-optimization-modeling
  473. Linotte
    http://langagelinotte.free.fr/wordpress
  474. LINQ
    https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/dotnet/csharp/programming-guide/concepts/linq
  475. LIS
    No live site
  476. LISA
    https://www.ice.rwth-aachen.de/research/tools-projects/closed-projects/lisa
  477. Lisp
    http://history.siam.org/sup/Fox_1960_LISP
  478. LISP 2
    http://www.softwarepreservation.org/projects/LISP/lisp2/AbrahamsEtAl-LISP2
  479. Lisp Machine Lisp
    https://hanshuebner.github.io/lmman
  480. Lispkit Lisp
    http://www.cs.ox.ac.uk/files/3299/PRG32%20vol%201 | http://www.cs.ox.ac.uk/files/3300/PRG32%20vol%202
  481. Lite-C
    http://www.3dgamestudio.de/litec
  482. Lithe
    http://lithe.eecs.berkeley.edu
  483. Little
    http://www.little-lang.org
  484. Little b
    No live site
  485. Little Man Computer
    https://teachcomputerscience.com/lmc
  486. Little Smalltalk
    http://www.littlesmalltalk.org
  487. LiveCode
    https://livecode.com
  488. LiveScript
    http://livescript.net
  489. LLL
    https://lll-docs.readthedocs.io/en/latest/lll_introduction
  490. Logo
    https://el.media.mit.edu/logo-foundation
  491. Logtalk
    https://logtalk.org
  492. Lola
    https://inf.ethz.ch/personal/wirth/Lola/Lola2
  493. LOLCODE
    http://www.lolcode.org
  494. LOOM
    https://www.isi.edu/isd/LOOM
  495. LotusScript
    https://www.ibm.com/support/knowledgecenter/en/SSVRGU_9.0.1/basic/LSAZ_WHAT_IS_LOTUSSCRIPT_3179_OVERVIEW
  496. Lout
    http://savannah.nongnu.org/projects/lout
  497. LPC
    http://lpmuds.net
  498. LSE
    No live site
  499. LSL
    http://wiki.secondlife.com/wiki/Linden_Scripting_Language
  500. Lua
    https://www.lua.org
  501. Lucid
    http://www.cse.unsw.edu.au/~plaice/archive/WWW/1985/B-AP85-LucidDataflow
  502. Lush
    https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Lush
  503. Lustre
    http://www-verimag.imag.fr/Lustre-V6
  504. LYaPAS
    http://hopl.info/showlanguage.prx?exp=430
  505. Lynx
    https://www.cs.rochester.edu/u/scott/papers/1991_CompLang_Lynx
  506. LZX
    https://www.openlaszlo.org
  507. M#
    http://www.msharp.co.uk/Home
  508. M-Code
    http://carlsonmfg.com/cnc-g-code-m-code-programming
  509. M4
    https://www.gnu.org/software/m4/m4
  510. M2001
    http://www.hopl.info/showlanguage.prx?exp=7622&language=M2001
  511. Macintosh Common Lisp
    http://www.digitool.com
  512. Maclisp
    http://www.softwarepreservation.org/projects/LISP/maclisp_family
  513. MacroML
    https://www.cs.indiana.edu/~sabry/papers/macroml
  514. Maentwrog
    https://git.catseye.tc/Maentwrog
  515. Magik
    https://www.mdt.net/pe/help/index.jsp?topic=%2Fpl.com.astec.mdt.help%2Fhtml%2Fintro%2Foverview
  516. Magma
    http://magma.maths.usyd.edu.au/magma
  517. Malbolge
    https://esolangs.org/wiki/malbolge
  518. Mama
    https://www.eytam.com/mama
  519. Máni
    https://mani-language.github.io
  520. Maple
    https://www.maplesoft.com/products/maple
  521. MAPPER
    http://vipclubmn.org/Articles/MAPPERHistoryPresentation
  522. MARK IV
    http://hopl.info/showlanguage.prx?exp=3117
  523. Mary
    No live site
  524. Mascarpone
    https://git.catseye.tc/Mascarpone
  525. MATH-MATIC
    http://hopl.info/showlanguage.prx?exp=435
  526. MathCAD
    https://www.engr.colostate.edu/ECE562/mathcad
  527. Mathematica
    https://www.wolfram.com/mathematica
  528. Matita
    http://matita.cs.unibo.it
  529. MATLAB
    https://www.mathworks.com/products/matlab
  530. Maude System
    http://maude.cs.illinois.edu/w/index.php/The_Maude_System
  531. Max
    https://cycling74.com/products/max
  532. Maxima
    http://maxima.sourceforge.net
  533. MAXScript
    https://marketplace.visualstudio.com/items?itemName=atelierbump.language-maxscript
  534. MDL
    http://ifarchive.org/if-archive/programming/mdl/manuals/MDL_Programming_Language
  535. MDPN
    https://git.catseye.tc/Specs-on-Spec
  536. MediaWiki Markup Language
    https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Markup_spec
  537. MEL
    https://www.autodesk.com/autodesk-university/class/AutodeskR-MayaR-Scripting-MEL
  538. Mercury
    https://www.mercurylang.org
  539. Mesa
    http://www.softwarepreservation.org/projects/lang/mesa
  540. META II
    http://www.ibm-1401.info/Meta-II-schorre
  541. Metafont
    http://www.tex.ac.uk/ctan/systems/knuth/dist/mf/mf.web
  542. MetaPost
    http://tug.org/metapost
  543. Metal Shading Language
    https://developer.apple.com/metal/Metal-Shading-Language-Specification
  544. MetaOCaml
    http://okmij.org/ftp/ML/metaocaml-files
  545. MexScript
    http://multiex.xentax.com
  546. MHEG-5
    http://www.mheg.org/users/mheg/index
  547. Microcode
    No live site
  548. MicroScript
    https://esolangs.org/wiki/Microscript
  549. Microsoft Visual Programming Language
    https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb964572
  550. MIIS
    No live site
  551. Milk
    No live site
  552. MIMIC
    http://hopl.info/showlanguage.prx?exp=294
  553. MiniKanren
    http://minikanren.org
  554. MiniZinc
    https://www.minizinc.org
  555. MIPS
    https://sites.cs.ucsb.edu/~franklin/64/lectures/mipsassemblytutorial
  556. Mirah
    http://www.mirah.org
  557. Miranda
    http://miranda.org.uk
  558. mIRC Scripting Language
    https://www.mirc.com
  559. MIVA Script
    http://www.mivascript.com
  560. ML
    http://www.cs.cmu.edu/~rwh/isml
  561. ML/I
    http://www.ml1.org.uk
  562. MLisp
    http://www.softwarepreservation.org/projects/LISP/stanford/Smith-MLISP
  563. MLton
    http://www.mlton.org
  564. Modelica
    https://www.modelica.org
  565. Modula
    https://www.research-collection.ethz.ch/handle/20.500.11850/68669
  566. Modula-2
    https://www.modula2.org
  567. Modula-3
    http://www.modula3.org
  568. Mohol
    No live site
  569. MOO
    http://cmc.uib.no/moo/docs/shorter/quick-prog-ref
  570. Mortran
    https://www.slac.stanford.edu/exp/e871/documentation/offline/mortran2
  571. MOS Technology
    http://archive.6502.org/books/mcs6500_family_programming_manual
  572. Motorola 6800
    https://www.inf.pucrs.br/~calazans/undergrad/orgcomp_EC/mat_microproc/MC6800-AssemblyLProg
  573. Motorola 68000
    http://www.atarimania.com/documents/Asm_Lang_Prog_68K_Family
  574. Mouse
    http://users.encs.concordia.ca/~grogono/Mouse/mouse
  575. MPD
    https://www2.cs.arizona.edu/mpd/language
  576. MSL
    http://www.msldev.com
  577. MST Workshop
    https://download.cnet.com/MST-Workshop/3000-2212_4-10824886
  578. MultiLisp
    http://pages.cs.wisc.edu/~fischer/cs538.f04/multilisp
  579. MuPAD
    https://www.mathworks.com/help/symbolic/mupad-language-fundamentals
  580. MUMPS
    http://71.174.62.16/MDC
  581. Mutan
    https://github.com/obscuren/mutan
  582. MXML
    https://www.adobe.com/devnet/flex/articles/fcf_mxml_actionscript
  583. MyHDL
    http://www.myhdl.org
  584. N-DCNC
    https://github.com/catseye/N-DCNC
  585. Napier88
    https://archive.cs.st-andrews.ac.uk/papers/download/MBC+96b
  586. NASM
    https://www.nasm.us
  587. NATURAL
    No live site
  588. ND4J
    https://deeplearning4j.org/docs/latest/nd4j-overview
  589. ND4S
    https://github.com/deeplearning4j/nd4s
  590. Neko
    https://nekovm.org
  591. Nemerle
    http://nemerle.org
  592. NEPO
    https://www.roberta-home.de
  593. NESL
    https://www.cs.cmu.edu/~scandal/nesl
  594. Net.Data
    https://www-01.ibm.com/support/docview.wss?uid=isg3T1026871
  595. NetLogo
    https://ccl.northwestern.edu/netlogo/docs/programming
  596. NetRexx
    http://netrexx.org
  597. NewLISP
    http://www.newlisp.org
  598. NEWP
    https://public.support.unisys.com/aseries/docs/clearpath-mcp-17.0/pdf/86002003-407
  599. Newspeak
    https://newspeaklanguage.org
  600. NewtonScript
    http://newtonscript.org
  601. Next Byte Codes
    http://bricxcc.sourceforge.net/nbc
  602. Nial
    https://github.com/danlm/qnial7
  603. Nice
    http://nice.sourceforge.net
  604. Nickle
    https://nickle.org
  605. NIL
    No live site
  606. Nim
    https://nim-lang.org
  607. Nitrous Shading Language
    http://oxidegames.com/products/nitrous-2
  608. Node-RED
    https://nodered.org
  609. Nomad Software
    http://archive.computerhistory.org/resources/text/Oral_History/RAMIS_and_NOMAD
  610. Not eXactly C
    http://bricxcc.sourceforge.net/nbc
  611. Not Quite C
    http://bricxcc.sourceforge.net/nqc
  612. NPL
    http://npl-lang.sourceforge.net
  613. NSIS
    https://nsis.sourceforge.io/Docs/Chapter1
  614. Nu
    https://programming-nu.github.io
  615. NumPy
    https://numpy.org
  616. NWScript
    https://nwnlexicon.com
  617. NXT-G
    https://nostarch.com/download/nxt-g_ch2
  618. O-Matrix
    http://www.aertia.com
  619. o:XML
    https://www.xml.com/pub/a/2004/07/21/oxml
  620. Oak
    http://www.gutenberg.cc/articles/Oak
  621. Oberon
    http://www.projectoberon.com
  622. OBJ
    http://cseweb.ucsd.edu/~goguen/pps/iobj
  623. OBJ2
    https://experts.illinois.edu/en/publications/principles-of-obj2
  624. Object Lisp
    No live site
  625. Object Pascal
    https://castle-engine.io/modern_pascal_introduction
  626. Object REXX
    http://www.oorexx.org
  627. Objective-C
    https://developer.apple.com/library/archive/documentation/Cocoa/Conceptual/ProgrammingWithObjectiveC
  628. Objective-J
    http://www.cappuccino.dev/learn/objective-j
  629. ObjectLOGO
    http://www.digitool.com/ol-specs
  630. Objlog
    http://hopl.info/showlanguage.prx?exp=1343&name=Objlog
  631. ObjVlisp
    No live site
  632. Obliq
    https://curlie.org/Computers/Programming/Languages/Obliq
  633. OCaml
    https://ocaml.org
  634. Occam
    http://www.wotug.org/occam
  635. Occam-π
    https://www.cs.kent.ac.uk
  636. OISC
    https://esolangs.org/wiki/OISC
  637. OmniMark
    http://www.stilo.com/omnimark
  638. Onyx
    http://www.canonware.com/onyx
  639. Opa
    http://opalang.org
  640. Opal
    https://www.cs.oberlin.edu/~jwalker/opal
  641. Open Shading Language
    http://opensource.imageworks.com/?p=osl
  642. Open Sores Illgol#
    No live site
  643. Open-URQ
    https://sourceforge.net/projects/urq
  644. OpenCL
    https://www.khronos.org/opencl
  645. OpenGL
    https://www.opengl.org
  646. OpenEdge Advanced Business Language
    https://www.progress.com/openedge
  647. OpenLisp
    http://christian.jullien.free.fr
  648. OpenMusic
    http://repmus.ircam.fr/openmusic/home
  649. OpenROAD
    http://www.naiua.org/openroad/openroad_faq
  650. OpenVera
    http://asicguru.com/Vera-Tutorial
  651. OpenWDL
    http://www.openwdl.org
  652. OPL
    http://opl-dev.sourceforge
  653. OPS5
    http://www.pcai.com/web/ai_info/pcai_ops
  654. OptimJ
    https://www.slideshare.net/PatrickViry/the-optimj-manual
  655. Opus-2
    https://git.catseye.tc/Specs-on-Spec
  656. Orc
    https://orc.csres.utexas.edu
  657. Oriel
    http://learning-internet-technology.pksm.info/IT/en/464-336/Oriel
  658. Orwell
    https://homepages.inf.ed.ac.uk/wadler/papers/orwell
  659. OWL
    https://www.w3.org/TR/owl-ref
  660. Oxygene
    https://www.elementscompiler.com/elements/oxygene
  661. Oz
    http://mozart.github.io
  662. P
    https://github.com/p-org/P
  663. P”
    https://jamesmccaffrey.wordpress.com/2018/09/05/the-p-programming-language
  664. P4
    https://p4.org
  665. PAL
    http://www.softwarepreservation.org/projects/lang/PAL
  666. PALASM
    http://orion.ipt.pt/~fmbarros/ed/PALASM
  667. Pan
    https://wiki.nikhef.nl/grid/images/8/8a/Pan-language-manual
  668. ParaSail
    http://parasail-lang.org
  669. PARI/GP
    https://pari.math.u-bordeaux.fr
  670. Parlog
    http://www.parlog.com/en/parlog
  671. Pascal
    http://pascal-central.com/ppl
  672. Pascal Script
    https://www.remobjects.com/ps
  673. PC-LISP
    https://github.com/blakemcbride/PC-LISP
  674. PCASTL
    http://www.pcosmos.ca/pcastl
  675. PDL
    https://www.cfg.com/pdl81
  676. PEARL
    https://www.real-time.de/misc/PEARL90-LanguageReport-V2.2-GI-1998-eng
  677. PeopleCode
    https://docs.oracle.com/cd/E57990_01/pt853pbh2/eng/pt/tapd/task_UsingthePeopleCodeandOtherProgrammingLanguageEditors
  678. Perl
    http://pdl.perl.org
  679. Perl 6
    https://perl6.org
  680. Pforth
    http://www.softsynth.com/pforth
  681. Pharo
    https://pharo.org
  682. PHP
    https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/PHP_Programming
  683. Picat
    http://www.csplib.org/Languages/Picat
  684. Pico
    http://pico.vub.ac.be
  685. PicoLisp
    https://picolisp.com
  686. Pict
    https://www.cis.upenn.edu/~bcpierce/papers/pict/Html/Pict
  687. Piet
    http://www.dangermouse.net/esoteric/piet
  688. Pig Latin
    https://pig.apache.org
  689. Pike
    https://pike.lysator.liu.se
  690. Pikt
    https://www.usenix.org/legacy/publications/library/proceedings/lisa2000/full_papers/osterlund/osterlund_html/index
  691. PILOT
    http://rpilot.sourceforge.net/pilot
  692. Pizza
    http://pizzacompiler.sourceforge.net
  693. PL-6
    http://www.bitsavers.org/pdf/honeywell/cp-6/XP03-00_introToPL-6_Jun88
  694. PL-11
    http://cds.cern.ch/record/880468/files/CERN-74-24
  695. PL/0
    https://github.com/amibiz/pl0
  696. PL/8
    http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.453.5277
  697. PL/B
    https://www.sunbelt-plb.com/show.php?Page=aboutplb
  698. PL/C
    http://hopl.info/showlanguage.prx?exp=650
  699. PL/I
    https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Software_Engineers_Handbook/Language_Dictionary/PLI
  700. PL/M
    http://bitsavers.org/components/intel/MCS8/MCS-8_A_Guide_to_PLM_Programming_Sep73
  701. PL/P
    No live site
  702. PL/S
    http://hopl.info/showlanguage.prx?exp=592
  703. PL/SQL
    https://searchoracle.techtarget.com/definition/PL/SQL
  704. PL360
    http://web.eah-jena.de/~kleine/history/languages/pl360man
  705. PLANC
    https://csprojecthelp.xyz/planc-programming
  706. Plankalkül
    http://delivery.acm.org/10.1145/370000/361515/p678-bauer
  707. Planner
    https://wikivisually.com/wiki/Planner
  708. PlayStation Shader Language
    http://twvideo01.ubm-us.net/o1/vault/gdceurope2013/Presentations/825424RichardStenson
  709. PLEX
    http://cdc.ioc.ee/appsem04/webproc/short/erikson-lisper
  710. PLEXIL
    http://plexil.sourceforge.net
  711. Plus
    https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B4t_NX-QeWDYYlYydkNuQjFTU3k0dHg5VUpWQXJOdw
  712. Polymorphic Programming Language
    https://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=1115858.1115864&coll=GUIDE&dl=GUIDE
  713. POP-2
    http://bitsavers.informatik.uni-stuttgart.de/pdf/univOfEdinburgh/POP-2_Papers_1968
  714. POP-11
    http://www.cs.bham.ac.uk/research/projects/poplog/primer
  715. Poplog
    http://www.cs.bham.ac.uk/research/projects/poplog/freepoplog
  716. Portable Standard Lisp
    http://user.ceng.metu.edu.tr/~ucoluk/research/lisp
  717. PostScript
    https://www-cdf.fnal.gov/offline/PostScript/BLUEBOOK
  718. PottersWheel
    https://potterswheel.de/Pages
  719. POV-Ray Scene Description Language
    https://www.povray.org/documentation/view/3.6.1/224
  720. PowerHouse
    https://www.teamblue.unicomsi.com/products/powerhouse-4gl
  721. PQL
    http://processquerying.com/pql
  722. Pro*C
    http://infolab.stanford.edu/%7Eullman/fcdb/oracle/or-proc
  723. Processing
    http://processingjs.org
  724. Progress 4GL
    https://www.progress.com/services/education/openedge/4gl-essentials
  725. Progol
    http://www.di.uniba.it/~malerba/courses/bcdm/2011-12/Progol
  726. Prograph
    http://wiki.c2.com/?PrographLanguage
  727. Programming Computable Functions
    http://www.cs.bham.ac.uk/~mhe/papers/RNC3
  728. Programming with Big Data in R
    https://pbdr.org
  729. PROIV
    https://proiv.com
  730. ΛProlog
    http://www.lix.polytechnique.fr/Labo/Dale.Miller/lProlog
  731. Prolog++
    http://www.lpa.co.uk/ppp_det.htm
  732. Prolog32
    http://www.virtual-science.co.uk/prolog32
  733. PROMAL
    https://www.lyonlabs.org/commodore/onrequest/PROMAL
  734. Promela
    https://cava.in.tum.de/templates/publications/promela
  735. PROSE Modeling Language
    No live site
  736. PROTEL
    No live site
  737. Prova
    http://www.rewerse.net/publications/download/REWERSE-RP-2006-057
  738. ProvideX
    https://home.pvxplus.com
  739. Ptolemy Project
    https://ptolemy.berkeley.edu
  740. PTQL
    No live site
  741. Pure
    https://agraef.github.io/pure-lang
  742. Pure Data
    https://puredata.info
  743. PureBasic
    https://www.purebasic.com
  744. PureScript
    http://www.purescript.org
  745. PV-Wave
    https://www.roguewave.com/products-services/pv-wave
  746. PWCT
    http://doublesvsoop.sourceforge.net
  747. Python
    https://www.python.org
  748. .QL
    https://semmle.com/ql
  749. Q
    http://kx.com
  750. Q#
    https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/quantum/language/?view=qsharp-preview
  751. QML
    https://doc.qt.io/qt-5/qmlapplications
  752. Qalb
    http://nas.sr/قلب
  753. Qt Script
    https://doc.qt.io/qt-5/qtscript-index
  754. QuakeC
    http://www.cataboligne.org/extra/qcmanual
  755. Quantum Programming Language
    https://www.quantiki.org/wiki/quantum-programming-language
  756. Quartz Composer
    https://developer.apple.com/library/archive/documentation/GraphicsImaging/Conceptual/QuartzComposerUserGuide
  757. Quylthulg
    https://catseye.tc/installation/Quylthulg
  758. R
    https://www.r-project.org
  759. R++
    No live site
  760. R:BASE
    https://www.rbase.com
  761. Racket
    https://racket-lang.org
  762. RAMIS
    No live site
  763. RAPID
    http://www.oamk.fi/~eeroko/Opetus/Tuotantoautomaatio/Robotiikka/Introduction_to_RAPID
  764. Rapira
    http://hopl.info/showlanguage.prx?exp=5224&language=Rapira
  765. Raptor
    https://raptor.martincarlisle.com
  766. Ratfiv
    No live site
  767. Ratfor
    http://sepwww.stanford.edu/doku.php?id=sep:software:ratfor
  768. Rc
    http://doc.cat-v.org/plan_9/4th_edition/papers/rc
  769. RDQL
    https://www.w3.org/TandS/QL/QL98/pp/rdfquery
  770. Reaktor
    https://www.native-instruments.com/en/products/komplete/synths/reaktor-6
  771. Reason
    https://reasonml.github.io
  772. Rebeca Modeling Language
    http://rebeca-lang.org
  773. REBOL
    http://www.rebol.com
  774. Red
    https://www.red-lang.org
  775. Redcode
    https://esolangs.org/wiki/Redcode
  776. REFAL
    http://www.refal.net
  777. RenderMan Shading Language
    https://renderman.pixar.com/resources/RenderMan_20/shadingLanguage
  778. Renjin
    https://www.renjin.org
  779. REXX
    https://www.ibm.com/support/knowledgecenter/en/SSLTBW_2.1.0/com.ibm.zos.v2r1.ikjb300/xrexx
  780. Rlab
    http://rlab.sourceforge.net
  781. RoboBlockly
    https://www.roboblockly.org/about
  782. ROOP
    https://enacademic.com/dic.nsf/enwiki/466718
  783. RPG
    https://www.ibm.com/support/knowledgecenter/ssw_ibm_i_73/rzasc/sc092507
  784. RPL
    https://www.hpcalc.org/details/7114
  785. RTL/2
    http://www.theoengel.nl/P800/RTL2/docs/RTL2_introduction
  786. Ruby
    https://www.ruby-lang.org
  787. Rulelog
    No live site
  788. RuneScript
    https://runescape.wiki/w/RuneScript
  789. Rust
    https://www.rust-lang.org
  790. S
    http://statweb.stanford.edu/~jmc4/papers/96.7.ps
  791. S-Lang
    https://www.jedsoft.org/slang/doc/pdf/slang
  792. S-PLUS
    https://dss.princeton.edu/online_help/stats_packages/splus/splus_intro
  793. S/SL
    http://dbpedia.org/page/S/SL_programming_language
  794. S2
    https://www.livejournal.com/doc/s2
  795. S3
    http://adv-r.had.co.nz/S3
  796. SA-C
    http://www.cs.colostate.edu
  797. SabreTalk
    http://teampli.net/Sabretalk_Reference_Guide
  798. SAC
    http://www.sac-home.org
  799. SAIL
    http://pdp-10.trailing-edge.com/decuslib20-01/01/decus/20-0002/sail.man
  800. Sally
    https://git.catseye.tc/Sally
  801. SAM76
    http://hopl.info/showlanguage.prx?exp=781&language=SAM76
  802. SAS
    http://animsci.agrenv.mcgill.ca/StatisticalMethodsII/sas/index
  803. SASL
    http://www.eis.mdx.ac.uk/staffpages/dat/saslman
  804. Sather
    http://www1.icsi.berkeley.edu/~sather
  805. Sawzall
    https://ai.google/research/pubs/pub61
  806. Sbeezg
    https://git.catseye.tc/Sbeezg
  807. SBL
    http://safphire.com/sites/default/files/manuals/SBL170
  808. Scala
    https://scala-lang.org
  809. Scheme
    https://www.scheme.com
  810. Scilab
    https://www.scilab.org
  811. Scratch
    https://scratch.mit.edu
  812. ScratchJr
    https://www.scratchjr.org
  813. Script.NET
    No live site
  814. Secure Operations Language
    https://www.nrl.navy.mil/itd/chacs/bharadwaj-sol-verifiable-synchronous-language-reactive-systems
  815. Sed
    https://www.gnu.org/software/sed
  816. Seed7
    http://seed7.sourceforge.net
  817. Self
    http://www.selflanguage.org
  818. SenseTalk
    http://sensetalk.com
  819. SequenceL
    https://everything.explained.today/SequenceL
  820. Sequential Function Chart
    https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/computer-science/sequential-function-chart
  821. Serpent
    https://www.cs.cmu.edu/~music/serpent/doc/serpent
  822. SETL
    https://setl.org/setl
  823. Sh
    https://www.shellscript.sh
  824. Shakespeare Programming Language
    http://shakespearelang.sourceforge.net
  825. SheerPower4GL
    http://www.sp4gl.com
  826. Shelta
    https://git.catseye.tc/Shelta
  827. ShEx
    https://github.com/shexSpec/shex/wiki/ShEx
  828. Shining Rock Shading Language
    http://www.shiningrocksoftware.com/2015-03-30-shading-languages
  829. SICStus Prolog
    https://sicstus.sics.se/sicstus/docs/latest/html/sicstus
  830. SIGNAL
    http://polychrony.inria.fr
  831. SiMPLE
    http://www.simplecodeworks.com/New/whatissimple
  832. SIMPOL
    https://www.simpol.com
  833. SIMSCRIPT
    https://www.rand.org/pubs/research_memoranda/RM3310
  834. Simula
    http://www.simula67.info
  835. Simulink
    https://www.mathworks.com/products/simulink
  836. SISAL
    https://sourceforge.net/projects/sisal
  837. SKILL
    http://pwp.gatech.edu/wp-content/uploads/sites/367/2016/03/Intro_to_skill_prog
  838. SLIP
    http://hopl.info/showlanguage.prx?exp=192
  839. Small Basic
    https://smallbasic-publicwebsite.azurewebsites.net
  840. Smalltalk
    https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Smalltalk_Programming
  841. SMITH
    https://git.catseye.tc/SMITH
  842. SMX
    http://media.oem.se/Archive/FilesArchive/13414
  843. Snap!
    https://snap.berkeley.edu
  844. Snowball
    https://snowballstem.org
  845. Solidity
    https://solidity.readthedocs.io/en/v0.5.10
  846. SOPHAEROS
    No live site
  847. SP-Forth
    http://spf.sourceforge.net
  848. SP/k
    http://cs.carleton.edu/cs_comps/1213/pylearn/papers/p301-holt
  849. SPARK
    https://www.adacore.com
  850. SPARQL
    https://www.w3.org/TR/sparql11-query
  851. Speakeasy
    No live site
  852. Speedcode
    http://www.softwarepreservation.org/projects/FORTRAN/paper/p4-backus
  853. Spice Lisp
    https://www.cons.org/cmucl
  854. SPIN
    http://learn.parallax.com/educators/teach/spin-programming-multicore-propeller
  855. SPITBOL
    http://snobol4.com
  856. SPS
    http://bitsavers.org/pdf/ibm/140x/C24-1480-0_1401symbPgmSys
  857. SQL
    https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Structured_Query_Language
  858. SQL Syntax
    https://www.dofactory.com/sql/syntax
  859. SQLf
    No live site
  860. SQR
    https://docs.oracle.com/cd/E41633_01/pt853pbh1/eng/pt/tsql/concept_TheSQRLanguage-c07b18
  861. Squeak
    https://squeak.org
  862. Squirrel
    http://www.squirrel-lang.org
  863. Squishy2K
    https://git.catseye.tc/Squishy2K
  864. SR
    https://www2.cs.arizona.edu/sr
  865. Stagecast Creator
    http://acypher.com/creator
  866. Standard ML
    http://sml-family.org
  867. Standard ML of New Jersey
    https://www.smlnj.org
  868. Starlogo Nova
    https://www.slnova.org
  869. Stata
    https://www.stata.com/manuals13/u18
  870. Stateflow
    https://www.mathworks.com/help/stateflow
  871. STELLA
    https://www.iseesystems.com
  872. Stencyl
    http://www.stencyl.com
  873. STOICAL
    http://stoical.sourceforge.net/summary
  874. Strand
    https://www.osti.gov/biblio/5395744
  875. StreamSQL
    http://docs.streambase.com/sb77/index.jsp?topic=/com.streambase.sb.ide.help/data/html/streamsql/ssql-intro
  876. Strelnokoff
    https://git.catseye.tc/Strelnokoff
  877. Strongtalk
    http://strongtalk.org
  878. Subtext
    http://www.subtext-lang.org
  879. SuperCollider
    https://supercollider.github.io
  880. SuperPro C
    http://bricxcc.sourceforge.net/nbc
  881. SuperTalk
    https://www.supercard.us
  882. SWI-Prolog
    https://www.swi-prolog.org
  883. Swift
    https://swift.org
  884. SYMPL
    http://www.bitsavers.org/pdf/cdc/cyber/lang/sympl/60499800B_SYMPL_Version_1_Users_Guide_Apr78
  885. Synchronized Multimedia Integration Language
    https://www.w3.org/AudioVideo
  886. Sysquake
    https://www.calerga.com/products/Sysquake
  887. SystemBuilder/SB+
    https://www.rocketsoftware.com/products/rocket-unidata-0/rocket-systembuilder-extensible-architecture-sbxa
  888. SystemC
    https://accellera.org/community/systemc
  889. SystemVerilog
    https://compas.cs.stonybrook.edu/~nhonarmand/courses/sp15/cse502/slides/03-systemverilog
  890. T
    http://mumble.net/~jar/tproject
  891. T-SQL
    https://www.tsql.info
  892. TACL
    https://www.manualslib.com/manual/522157/Hp-Tacl
  893. TACPOL
    http://bitsavers.trailing-edge.com/pdf/litton/an_gyk-12/USACSCS-TF-4-1_TACPOL_Reference_Manual_Jan72
  894. TADS
    https://www.tads.org/ov_lang
  895. TAL
    https://support.hpe.com/hpsc/doc/public/display?docId=emr_na-c02133238
  896. Tamerlane
    https://git.catseye.tc/Specs-on-Spec
  897. Tcl
    https://www.tcl-lang.org
  898. TCSH
    https://www.tcsh.org
  899. Tea
    No live site
  900. TECO
    http://zane.brouhaha.com/~healyzh/teco/TecoPocketGuide
  901. TELCOMP
    http://hopl.info/showlanguage2.prx?exp=478
  902. Template Haskell
    https://wiki.haskell.org/Template_Haskell
  903. TeX
    http://tug.org
  904. TGSI
    https://ndesh26.github.io/programming/2016/07/04/A-Beginners-guide-to-TGSI
  905. ThinBasic
    http://www.thinbasic.com
  906. ThingLab
    http://ftp.squeak.org/goodies/ThingLab
  907. Thue
    https://esolangs.org/wiki/Thue
  908. TI-BASIC
    http://tibasicdev.wikidot.com
  909. TIE
    https://ip.cadence.com/uploads/980/TIP_WP_TIE_FINAL
  910. TOM
    http://gerbil.org/tom
  911. ToonTalk
    http://www.toontalk.com
  912. ToonTalk Reborn for the Web
    https://github.com/ToonTalk/ToonTalk/wiki
  913. TorqueScript
    https://github.com/GarageGames/Torque2D/wiki/Torquescript-overview
  914. TouchDesigner
    http://derivative.ca
  915. Toy
    https://banna.tech/things/post/toy_language
  916. TRAC
    http://tracfoundation.org
  917. Transaction Logic
    http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.51.278
  918. Treacle
    https://freesoft.dev/program/4618679
  919. Trefunge-98
    No live site
  920. TTCN
    https://www.itu.int/ITU-T/studygroups/com07/TTCN
  921. TTM
    https://github.com/Unidata/ttm
  922. Turing
    http://tristan.hume.ca/openturing
  923. TUTOR
    https://eric.ed.gov
  924. Twelf
    http://twelf.org
  925. Txl
    https://www.txl.ca
  926. Tynker
    https://www.tynker.com
  927. TypeScript
    https://www.typescriptlang.org
  928. Ubercode
    http://www.ubercode.com
  929. Umple
    https://cruise.eecs.uottawa.ca/umple
  930. Unefunge-98
    No live site
  931. Unicon
    http://unicon.org
  932. Uniface
    https://www.uniface.com
  933. Unified Parallel C
    https://upc.lbl.gov
  934. Unix Shell
    https://archive.org/stream/byte-magazine-1983-10/1983_10_BYTE_08-10_UNIX#page/n187/mode/2up
  935. Unlambda
    http://www.madore.org/~david/programs/unlambda
  936. UnrealScript
    https://docs.unrealengine.com/udk/Three/UnrealScriptHome
  937. Ur
    http://www.impredicative.com/ur
  938. Vala
    https://wiki.gnome.org/Projects/Vala
  939. VBScript
    https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/previous-versions/t0aew7h6
  940. Vector Pascal
    https://lib.dr.iastate.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=12651
  941. VEE
    https://www.keysight.com/en/pd-1476554-pn-W4000D/vee-pro-932?&cc=ES&lc=eng4
  942. Verilog
    http://classweb.ece.umd.edu/enee359a/verilog_tutorial
  943. Verilog-A/MS
    https://verilogams.com
  944. Version
    https://git.catseye.tc/Version
  945. VEX Shading Language
    https://www.sidefx.com/docs/houdini/vex/lang
  946. VHDL
    https://www.vhdl.org
  947. VHDL-AMS
    https://tams.informatik.uni-hamburg.de/vhdl/doc/P1076.1/tutdac99
  948. Vim Script
    https://www.vim.org
  949. VisSim
    https://web.solidthinking.com/vissim-is-now-solidthinking-embed
  950. Visual Basic
    https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/dotnet/visual-basic/programming-guide
  951. Visual Basic for Applications
    https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/office/vba/api/overview/language-reference
  952. Visual DataFlex
    No live site
  953. Visual DialogScript
    http://vds.sools.com
  954. Visual Fortran
    https://www.pgroup.com/resources/docs/19.7/pdf/pvf19ug
  955. Visual FoxPro
    hhttps://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/previous-versions/visualstudio/foxpro
  956. Visual J#
    https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/vstudio/bb188593
  957. Visual Logic
    https://www.visuallogic.org
  958. Visual Objects
    http://www.rockymountain.com/dev_visualobjects
  959. Visual Prolog
    https://www.visual-prolog.com
  960. VSXu
    http://www.vsxu.com
  961. Vvvv
    https://vvvv.org
  962. Vyper
    https://vyper.readthedocs.io
  963. W
    http://progopedia.com/language/w
  964. WATFIV
    http://www.jaymoseley.com/hercules/downloads/pdf/WATFIV_User_Guide
  965. WATFOR
    No live site
  966. WebAssembly
    https://webassembly.org
  967. WebMethods Flow
    http://tech.forums.softwareag.com/techjforum/forums/list/30.page
  968. Whiley
    http://whiley.org
  969. Whitespace
    http://compsoc.dur.ac.uk/whitespace/tutorial
  970. Widget Workshop
    https://www.mobygames.com/game/widget-workshop-the-mad-scientists-laboratory
  971. Wierd
    https://git.catseye.tc/Wierd
  972. Winbatch
    https://www.winbatch.com
  973. Wolfram
    https://www.wolfram.com/language
  974. Windows PowerShell
    https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/powershell/scripting/overview?view=powershell-6
  975. Wyvern
    https://wyvernlang.github.io
  976. X++
    https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/dynamicsax-2012/developer/x-language-programming-guide
  977. X10
    http://x10-lang.org
  978. x86
    https://cs.lmu.edu/~ray/notes/x86assembly
  979. xBase
    https://www.clicketyclick.dk/databases/xbase
  980. XBase++
    http://www.alaska-software.com/products/overview
  981. XBL
    https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Mozilla/Tech/XBL
  982. XC
    https://www.xmos.com/developer/download/private/Programming-XC-on-XMOS-Devices
  983. XCSP3
    http://www.xcsp.org
  984. XHarbour
    http://www.xharbour.org
  985. XL
    http://xlr.sourceforge.net
  986. XLispStat
    http://lib.stat.cmu.edu/xlispstat
  987. XOD
    https://xod.io
  988. Xojo
    https://xojo.com
  989. XOTcl
    http://media.wu-wien.ac.at
  990. XProc
    https://www.w3.org/TR/xproc
  991. XQuery
    https://www.w3.org/XML/Query
  992. XPath
    https://www.w3.org/TR/1999/REC-xpath-19991116
  993. XPL
    https://www.cs.toronto.edu/XPL
  994. XPL0
    http://www.xpl0.org
  995. XSB
    http://xsb.sourceforge.net
  996. XSharp
    https://www.xsharp.info
  997. XSLT
    https://www.w3.org/standards/xml/transformation
  998. Xtend
    https://www.eclipse.org/xtend
  999. Yacc
    http://dinosaur.compilertools.net
  1000. Yahoo! Query Language
    https://developer.yahoo.com/yql
  1001. YAP
    https://arxiv.org/abs/1102.3896
  1002. Yoix
    https://github.com/att/yoix
  1003. Yorick
    http://dhmunro.github.io/yorick-doc
  1004. Ypsilax
    https://git.catseye.tc/Ypsilax
  1005. YUI
    https://yuilibrary.com
  1006. Z Notation
    https://cse.buffalo.edu/LRG/CSE705/Papers/Z-Ref-Manual
  1007. Z++
    No live site
  1008. Zebra
    https://www.zebra.com/content/dam/zebra
  1009. Zeno
    https://esolangs.org/wiki/Zeno
  1010. ZetaLisp
    http://hopl.info/showlanguage.prx?exp=983
  1011. ZIG
    https://ziglang.org
  1012. ZOPL
    http://hopl.info/showlanguage.prx?exp=2641&language=ZOPL
  1013. ZPL
    https://research.cs.washington.edu/zpl
  1014. Zsh
    http://zsh.sourceforge.net/Guide
Let us know if we’ve missed any of your favorite programming languages. Download as PDF
This data is from Vuild’s list of programming languages. Please visit vuild.com for more.

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